Attributed to Matthijs Horrix (Lobberich 1735 - 1809)
A Louis XV tea table
rosewood and amarant
H. 73,5 cm x w. 83 cm x d. 54,4 cm
Holland, second half 18th century
A rectangular shaped top, frieze drawer with gilt bronze mounts, decorated with marquetterie of scrolling guirlandes, on high slightly bent legs with gilt bronze sabots.
Formerly in the collection of Baron van Pallandt
Matthijs Horrix, of German origin, was admitted to the Hague guild as Mr. Kabinetwerker in 1764. As the most prominent representitive of 'French' cabinetmaking, Horrix rapidly became The Hague's most successful furnituremaker, which gained him prestigious commissions from the Stadholder's court early on in his career. Clearly Horrix was aware of the reason for his success - he called his shop 'In the commode from Paris', and The Hague's
newspaper, 's-Gravenhaegse Courant of 28 February 1772 contained an advertisement in which he stated that his furniture was 'in the latest Paris fashion'.
Following the marriage in 1767 of Stadholder Prince William V and Princess Wilhelmina of Prussia, several of the Royal residences were modernised and refurbished. It was Horrix who received the prestigous commission to provide the Stadholder's quarters with 'Commodes, Tables etc' for which he was paid 1515 florins. In addition he charged 650.8.florins for '...commodes en secretaires etc...' supplied for the country seat Het Loo. The documented
supplies to the Court establish that Princess Wilhelmina in particular admired Horrix' furniture: virtually all her yearly private accounts show evidence of deliveries of Horrix' luxurious marquetry furniture. Her admiration is also apparent in a letter to her daughter, dated 16 February 1793, in which she describes the gifts Prince Frederik received on his nineteenth birthday.'
Three commodes in the collection of H.M. Queen Beatrix in Huis ten Bosch were almost certainly part of Horrix' commissions to the Court in 1767 or shortly after. They are among the rare items of furniture which were not sold between 1795 and 1798 during the French occupation. The distinctive ornamental gilt-bronze mounts which embellish Dutch furniture in the French style were, however, rarely produced in Holland. Remarkably the mounts employed by Horrix can be traced to Britain and appear in a sales catalogue of a Birmingham metalwork firm, which was almost certainly manufacturing mounts for export.
About the Artist
Matthijs Horrix is the most famous cabinetmaker of The Hague in the 18th century. He became to The Hague around 1761 and became a member of the cabinetmakers guild of that city in 1764. He had his workshop at the Spuistraat. From 1770 onwards Horrix developed in size and versatility. He could manufacture any kind of furniture needed to decorate an entire house. This was widely appreciated, especially by the Stadholders Court and its entourage, because he worked “to the most fashionable taste of Paris”.