Cityscape Amsterdam, Damrak and the Victoria Hotel by George Hendrik Breitner
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George Hendrik Breitner

Cityscape Amsterdam, Damrak and the Victoria Hotel 1850 - 1899

CanvasPaintOil paint
76 ⨯ 63 cm

About the artwork

In 1890, the Victoria Hotel was established. Breitner depicts the building at the time water level in the Damrak was still there.

About the Artist

George Hendrik Breitner (1857-1923) was born in Rotterdam. In 1876, he enrolled at the academy in The Hague. Later, he worked at Willem Maris's studio. In this early period he was especially influenced by the painters of the Hague School. Breitner preferred working-class models: labourers, servant girls and people from lower-class neighbourhoods. He saw himself as 'le peintre du peuple', the people's painter. In 1886, he moved to Amsterdam, where he recorded the life of the city in sketches, paintings and photos. Sometimes he made several pictures of the same subject, from different angles or in different weather conditions. Photos might serve as an example for a painting, as for his portraits of girls in kimonos, or as general reference material. Breitner often collaborated with Isaac Israels; both painters are referred to as Amsterdam Impressionists. Conservative critics called Breitner's style 'unfinished'.