Leyden - View at the city of Leiden. “Leyden“, etching ca 1650 published at Frankfurt am Main by Caspar Merian in 1659. Hand coloured at the same time.
From Topographia Germaniae Inferioris.
Topographia Germaniae Inferioris was a part of Topographia Germaniae, the most important work of the copper engraver and publisher Matthäus Merian the Elder (1593 - 1650). He gave this work jointly with Martin Zeiler (1589-1661) from Ulm, who was responsible for the text. The work contains approximately 2,000 images and maps of cities, monasteries and castles and is considered one of the most important works in the field of geographical images.
In 1642, Merian started publishing a survey with cityscapes, images of landscapes and maps for which he had collected drawings for decades. Until 1688, the series was extended with further descriptions of European territories until eventually 30 bands with a total of 92 maps and 2142 cityscapes, making it one of the largest published books of its time.
Matthäus Merian engraves the first parts and also publishes them himself. Later on, a large number of engravers who were famous at the time outsourced the engraving and his sons Matthäus the Younger and Caspar took over the publishing work.
About the Artist
Caspar Merian was one of the most important topographical engraver and publisher in het Baroque period. He was active in Frankfurt. In 1672 due to medical problems he moved to Wertheim and in 1677 to Friesland, where he joined the Labadist community.
Caspar Merian and his brother Matthaus Jr. made important works like "Topographia Germaniae Inferiors vel Circuli Burgundici das ist beschreibung und abbildung der Furnembsten Orter in den Niderlandischen XVII Provincien oder Burgundischen Kranse Frankfurt am Mann beij Caspar Merian en de Theatrum Europaeum"