Charles Gaupp was born in Germany in 1921. In 1938, he fled Germany because of the Nazis, and went to the Netherlands, at the age of seventeen. In the Netherlands, he went to the Koninklijke Academie van Beeldende Kunsten (Royal Academy of Fine Arts) in The Hague, where he was taught by, among others, Paul Citroen. In this period he experimented with different painting styles. Although he can be called an Expressionist he also painted in the Cubist and Surrealist styles. His art would undoubtedly be considered ‘entartet’ by the Nazis. Gaupp changed his first name from the German Karl to the Dutch Karel to Charles. In 1943 Gaupp was drafted into the German army, being a German citizen. Being anti-Nazi, this was no option for Gaupp. In July 1943 he committed suicide, at the young age of 22.