About the artwork
“Rotterdamum”, Engraving printed on 4 copper plates by Romeijn de Hooghe after drawings from Johannes de Vou. Published for the first time in 1694. In 1778 - due to the city expansion- the engraving was re-printed with the new expansions around the Boerengat (right) and the Zalmhaven (left). Original coloured, Dimensions: Engraving 25,5 x 231,5 cm, Frame: 55,5 x 262,0 cm.
From left to right we see the Zalmhaven, the Wester Nieuwehoofdpoort and the Ooster Nieuwehoofdpoort that give access to the Leuvehaven, the Boompjes with the VOC building, the Sint-Laurenskerk and the mouth of the Oudehaven, flanked by the Wester- and the Ooster Old main gate.
"The Rotterdammers have traditionally valued the possession of an image of their city on the Maaskant, and especially in the 17th century, this wish was met in an excellent manner. Pretty soon after each other, three panoramas appeared from the city, which, thanks to artistic adaptation and their generous format, may be called the finest of all Rotterdam Maas Visions. They are capital copper engravings, the first of which was published by Jacobus Allard around 1640, the second was published by Jacob Quack in 1665, and the third was produced in 1694 by Romeyn de Hooghe and Johannes de Vou on behalf of the city council. However, it is the Maasgezicht of De Vou that has become the most widely known, "according to the Nieuwe Rotterdamsche Courant on May 23, 1917.
The panorama was made in combination with a large floor plan, faces of the most important buildings and weapons of the craftsmen. The specimens that survived the centuries have mostly been preserved separately from each other.
About the Artist
Romeyn de Hooghe (1645, Amsterdam – 1708, Haarlem) was an etcher, draftsman of prints, painter, sculptor, goldsmith, medalist, lawyer, publisher of maps and author of historical writings.
In 1673 Romeyn married Maria Lansman, the daughter of a minister. They lived in Amsterdam on the Reguliersgracht. He illustrated books, for example Hieroglyphica of Merkbeelden der oude volkeren (1735), a well known emblem book and sourcebook for classical mythology and its iconography. He also illustrated books of Constantijn Huygens and Hugo de Groot. In 1675 he owned an art store in the Kalverstraat.
In 1677 he illustrated Coenraad van Klenck’s trip to Moscow. He produced many etches, among others the ﬁreworks on the Hofvijver in the Hague. A number of De Hooghe’s etches were disapproved by some people, since they would show shameful subjects. On the other hand he was esteemed as a great graphic satirist. De Hooghe was a propagandist of the anti- French politics. He painted large panels for the rooms of the mayor’s ofﬁce in Enkhuizen. In 1690 he moved to Haarlem, where he started lessons in pattern drawing for children on the Nieuwe Gracht 13.