Cockney girls are women born in London in earshot of the bells of St. Mary-le-Bow, in the area between St. Paul's Cathedral and the Bank of England. At the time of the First World War, many women worked in factories while men were fighting in the trenches in Northern France, against the invasion of the Germans. The Cockney girl wore an overall or gray sundress to work, to protect herself against the lubricating oil and dirt on the floor. After a hard day's work, women put on their everyday coat and a hat. Israels moved to London in 1913 to be able to paint in this town.
Isaac Israels, Anna Wagner, 1985, depicted on page 134.
Isaac Israels Mannequins and Fashion, Hans te Nijenhuis and Ietse Meij, 2002, Gemeentemuseum, showing page 16.
Two Cockney Girls; 20th century, oil on canvas; the United Kingdom.
Signed: Bottom Right; Isaac Israels.
51 x 77 cm
About the Artist
Isaac Israels was born in Amsterdam in 1865, the son of the painter Jozef Israels. Early in his life, his family moved to The Hague. During his life as an artist Isaac exchanged ‘the grey' pallet of the Haagse school (the Hague school) for a more colourful and lively pallet.
Israels was associated with the Amsterdam Impressionism movement.
Between 1880 and 1882 he studied at the Royal Academy of Art, The Hague, where he met George Hendrik Breitner who was to become a lifelong friend.
He returned to Amsterdam where he was asked to join the Kring der Tachtigers (the group of Eighty). Cityscapes featuring Amsterdam and Parisian street life, fashionable ladies, the interiors of cafés and sewing workshops are amongst his most popular scenes. He is considered to be one of the most important Dutch impressionists.
Isaac Israels died in 1934 in The Hague.