Emile Circkens, born in Soerabaja Indonesia, is best known for his abstract expressionist work. After the second world war, Circkens suffered from posttraumatic stress disorder, resulting in panic attacks and stress. Thus, making art became an almost therapeutic affair for Circkens. His delicate works consisted of multiple long lanes of folded and ripped white paper. The shadows that emerge create a delicate three-dimensional effect. He died in 1997.